FRUIN, Robert Jacobus

   Educator and historian. After his study in humanities at Leiden University, Fruin wrote his doctoral thesis on an Egyptian subject. As a supporter of the liberal leader Johan Rudolf Thorbecke, Fruin challenged the antirevolu tionary historical and political views of Guillaume Groen van Prin sterer. In 1860, he became the first chair of Dutch history at Leiden University. In his inaugural address on the impartiality of the histo rian, he unfolded his optimistic program for a critical historical methodology and historiography. For four decades, Fruin was the most influential Dutch historian, and his studies on the Dutch Re public are exemplary. His interest focused on the period of the Revoltand on the constitutional history of the Republic, for example, in The Siege and Relief of Leyden in 1574 (1874). His books on the decade 1588–1598 and the constitution are still in print (Tien jaren uit den Tachtigjarige oorlog, 1861; Geschiedenis der staatsinstellin gen in Nederland tot de val der Republiek, 1901). Fruin’s collected works were published in 10 volumes (Verspreide geschriften, 1900–1905).

Historical Dictionary of the Netherlands. . 2012.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Robert Fruin — Robert Jacobus Fruin (Rotterdam, November 11, 1823 mdash; Leiden, January 29, 1899) was a Dutch historian, who as a follower of Leopold von Ranke introduced the scientific study of history in The Netherlands, when he was professor of Dutch… …   Wikipedia

  • Fruin —   [frœjn], Robert Jacobus, niederländischer Historiker, * Rotterdam 14. 11. 1823, ✝ Leiden 29. 1. 1899; 1860 94 Professor in Leiden, bedeutendster Geschichtsforscher der Niederlande im 19. Jahrhundert; schrieb über die Zeit des niederländischen… …   Universal-Lexikon

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  • Historiography —    During the early Middle Ages, several kinds of historical works were written in the countries that only subsequently constituted the Low Countries and the Dutch Republic, for exam ple, the chronicles of Alpertus Mettensis, Melis Stoke, Emo and …   Historical Dictionary of the Netherlands

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